Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a clear, colorless, hygroscopic liquid with a slight amine odor. The solvent properties of DMF are particularly attractive because of the high dielectric constant, the aprotic nature of the solvent, its wide liquid range and low volatility. It is frequently used for chemical reactions and other applications, which require a high solvency power. The product is known as a universal solvent.
The primary use of DMF is as a solvent with low evaporation rate. DMF is used in the production of acrylic fibers, and plastics It is also used as a solvent in peptide coupling for pharmaceuticals, in the development and production of pesticides. and in the manufacture of adhesives, synthetic leathers, fibers, films, and surface coatings.